ROTE can be correctly identified as a ransomware infection. Ransomware is a type of virus that encrypts your documents and then makes you pay to get them back. The DJVU (aka STOP) family of ransomware was first discovered and analyzed by virus analyst Michael Gillespie.
Rote is basically similar to other ransomware: Grod, Derp, and Peet. It encrypts all common file types. So users can’t open your documents or photos. Rote inserts its own “.red” extension in all files. For example, the file “video.avi” will be changed to “video.avi.rote”. After the encryption is complete, Rote creates a special text file “_readme.txt” and places it in all the folders containing the changed files. Ser
The cryptographic algorithm used by Rote is AES-256, so if your files were encrypted with a specific decryption key that is completely unique and there are no other copies, it is impossible to decrypt the files. The sad reality is that if the unique key is not available, it is impossible to recover the information.
If Rote is online, you cannot access the AES-256 key. It is stored on a remote server owned by the criminals who spread the infection to Rote.
What causes the ROTE virus on Windows 10 computers
When recipients open the attachment, it usually results in the installation of malware. Peer-to-peer networks (torrent clients, eMule), freeware download sites, file-hosting sites, third-party downloaders, and other sources are commonly used to spread malware.
By opening files downloaded from these sources, people risk infecting their computers with malware. Cybercriminals disguise their malicious files as legitimate files. Trojans are malicious programs that often cause chain infections. Once installed, the Trojan installs other malware.
Fake (unofficial) software update tools usually infect systems by installing malware instead of updates/patches or by exploiting bugs and flaws in outdated software installed on the operating system. Unofficial software activation tools are designed to help users bypass the paid activation of licensed software. However, they do not activate the software, but only cause the installation of malware.
To restore the ROTE virus on Windows 10 computers
Boot your computer in safe mode over the network
This will isolate any files and objects created by the ransomware so that they can be effectively removed. The following steps apply to all versions of Windows.
- Press WIN + R
- A “Run” window will appear. In this case, type msconfig and press Enter.
- The configuration window will appear. In it, select the “Boot” tab.
- Check the “Secure Boot” option and go to the “Network” section at the bottom to also check it.
- Apply -> OK
Show hidden files
Some ransomware threats are designed to hide their malicious files in Windows, so all files stored on your system should be visible.
1.) Open my computer / this PC
2.) Windows 7
- Click the “Organize” button
- Select folders and search options
- Click the “Display” tab.
- Go to Hidden files and folders and check the box next to Show hidden files and folders.
3.) Windows 8 or 10
- Click the Display tab.
- Check the option for Hidden objects.
4.) Click the Apply button, then click the OK button.
Run Windows Task Manager and stop the malicious processes
- Press the following key combination: CTRL+SHIFT+ESC
- Jump to processes
- If you find a suspicious process, right-click on it and select “Open file location”.
- Go back to the Task Manager and eliminate the malicious process. Right-click again and select End Process
- Next, you need to go to the folder where the malicious file is located and remove it.
Restore Windows registry
- Enter the WIN + R key combination again at the same time.
- Write “regedit” in the box and press the Enter key.
- Type CTRL+ F and then write the malicious name in the search type field to find the malicious executable
- If you find registry keys and values associated with the name, you should delete them, but be careful not to delete legitimate keys.
Restore encrypted files
Note: All files and objects related to the ROTE ransomware virus must be deleted from the infected PC before you try to recover data. Otherwise, the virus may encrypt the recovered files. It is also highly recommended that you back up all encrypted files to an external storage device.
1.) Use professional data recovery software. Third-party software is a specialized tool that allows you to recover partitions, data, documents, photos, and 300 other types of files lost in various types of incidents and damages.
2.) Using the system restore point
- Press the WIN key
- Select “Open System Restore” and follow the instructions.
3.) Restore your personal files with file history
- Press the WIN key
- In the search box, type “restore files”.
- Select “Restore files with file history”.
- Select a folder or enter a file name in the search bar.
- Click the “Recover” button.
Frequently Asked Questions
Rote is owned by the Juve ransomware family. It encrypts victims' data, changes the filename of each encrypted file, and creates a text file that contains instructions on how to contact cyber criminals and other details. It renames the encrypted files by adding the ".rote" extension to the file names.
Since the red virus belongs to Stop (DjVu) ransomware, to decrypt the. red you can use "STOP (DjVu) decryptor". STOP (DjVu) decryptor is a free utility developed by Emsisoft to decrypt files encrypted by malware belonging to the Stop (DjVu) ransomware family.
- Use Malwarebytes Free to remove VARI ransomware.
- Use HitmanPro to scan for Trojans and other malware.
- Check for malware with Emsisoft Emergency Kit.
- Recover files encrypted with VARI ransom software.
- Launch File Explorer.
- Right-click the file/folder.
- Select Properties.
- On the General tab, click the Advanced button.
- Select the Encrypt content to protect the data check box.
- Click Apply in the properties.