How to Troubleshoot BSOD “IO1 Initialization Failed” on Windows 10 PC

Computer errors are common, and while some problems are relatively harmless, some errors, such as the blue screen of death, can be more serious.

For example, the error IO1_INITIALIZATION_FAILED causes Windows 10 to crash and reboot your computer.

Therefore, it is important to resolve these issues as soon as possible, as no problem can be resolved by the simplest troubleshooting step.

What causes the BSOD ‘IO1 Initialization Failed’ Error?

This error can occur when you boot your computer, update your operating system to the latest version, or while performing normal Windows 10 tasks. Most BSOD errors occur when the IO system initialization fails or due to problems with PC hardware components.

Frequent occurrences of this error can damage the system. Therefore, it is important to fix this error to prevent further damage to the system.

How to resolve the BSOD ‘IO1 initialization failed’ problem?

Execute an SFC scan

  1. Click on the Windows icon.
  2. Type Command Prompt, right-click on the search result, and select Run as administrator.
  3. In the Command Prompt window, type sfc/scannow and press Enter.
  4. Wait for the scan to complete, then restart your computer.

BSOD IO1 Initialization failure can also occur due to missing or corrupt system files. Running a System File Checker (SFC) scan can not only replace the missing files but also fix the error.

Updating the driver

  1. Click on the Windows icon
  2. Enter Device Manager and click on it.
  3. In the Device Manager window, expand the Device Driver category and select the driver you want to update.
  4. Right-click on the driver and select Update Driver Software.
  5. If a new version of the driver exists, it will be installed and eliminate the BSOD error.

This BSOD IO1 initialization failed Windows 10 error can also occur because the driver is associated with issues such as obsolescence. Therefore, it is recommended to update the drivers to solve this problem.

Launch the BSOD troubleshooter

  1. Click the Windows icon.
  2. Go to Settings.
  3. Select Update and security.
  4. Click on Troubleshooting.
  5. Locate the blue screen and click Run Troubleshooter.
  6. Now follow the instructions on the screen to complete the troubleshooting.
  7. Once the troubleshooter is finished, it will tell you the root cause of the error and then you can easily fix it.

A troubleshooter is a built-in tool in Windows 10 that deals with various system problems, including the BSOD problems, and it can also help you fix the error.

Perform a DISM command

  1. Click the Windows icon.
  2. Type Command Prompt, right-click on the search result, and select Run as administrator.
  3. In the Command Prompt window, type the following commands and press Enter each time:
    Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /ScanHealth
    Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /CheckHealth
    Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth
  4. Now, wait for the scan to complete, which may take some time.
  5. When the scan is complete, restart your computer.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Click the Advanced startup option.
  2. Click the Troubleshooting option.
  3. Click the Advanced options.
  4. Click on the System Restore option.
  5. Select your account.
  6. Confirm your account password.
  7. Click the Continue button.
  8. Click the Next button.

A blue screen error (also called a shutdown error) can occur when a problem causes your computer to shut down or restart unexpectedly. You may see a blue screen with a message that your computer has encountered a problem and needs to reboot.

  1. On the Select an option screen, select Troubleshooting.
  2. Click on Advanced Options.
  3. Click on System Restore.
  4. After your computer restarts, select your account and log in.
  5. Click Next.
  6. System restore points are usually created automatically when you install a new update, driver, or application.

BSoDs can be caused by poorly written device drivers or faulty hardware, such as faulty memory, power problems, overheating components, or hardware operating outside of its specifications. In the Windows 9x era, incompatible DLLs or bugs in the operating system kernel could also cause BSoDs.

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Mark Ginter is a tech blogger with a passion for all things gadgets and gizmos. A self-proclaimed "geek", Mark has been blogging about technology for over 15 years. His blog,, covers a wide range of topics including new product releases, industry news, and tips and tricks for getting the most out of your devices. If you're looking for someone who can keep you up-to-date with all the latest tech news and developments, then be sure to follow him over at Microsoft.