How to Troubleshoot Windows 11 ‘File System Error’

Windows 11 is coming, and with it a whole new set of errors. One of the most common errors that users are reporting is the ‘File System Error’ message. This can be very frustrating, especially if you don’t know how to fix it. In this blog post, we will walk you through the steps to troubleshoot this error and get your computer running again!

What is a ‘File System Error’

A file system error is a type of Windows error that is often caused by a hard disk error. While hard disk errors can have a wide variety of damages and causes, the most common culprit is a corrupted file or a faulty application.

These errors usually indicate that your system is having trouble accessing or using a particular file or code on your computer. Since your operating system needs access to working files in order to function properly, any failure, corruption or problem can result in a file system error. The name already implies the following: a file, as the file causing the problem, and a system error, as the system had problems accessing the file.

What causes a “file system error” in Windows 11?

  • Damaged Xbox app: If this problem only occurs when trying to download games through the Microsoft Store, the Xbox app is most likely damaged. This problem often occurs after upgrading to Windows 11.
  • Damaged system file: In more serious cases, you can assume that this problem occurs in situations where your operating system has a corrupted system file that affects certain dependencies of a Microsoft Store component.
  • Damaged or faulty memory sectors: some user reports confirm that in their case the error was caused by either a faulty disk or damaged memory sectors that prevented Microsoft Store from installing certain applications or games.

How to fix Windows 11 file system error?

Perform an SFC scan

Windows 10 includes a built-in tool called the System File Checker that can scan your system files for errors and repair them if necessary. Here’s how to use it:

  1. First, open the Command Prompt by pressing Windows+R, typing cmd, and then pressing Enter.
  2. Next, type sfc /scannow and press Enter. This will start scanning all of your system files for errors.
  3. If any errors are found, they will be automatically repaired.
  4. Once the scan is complete, restart your computer and see if the issue has been resolved.


Windows 10 offers a number of ways to keep your PC running smoothly, and one of the most effective is the DISM scan. This tool can help to repair corrupt files and system settings, as well as improve performance by removing unnecessary files. Here’s how to run a DISM scan on Windows 10:

  1. Press the Windows key + S to open the search box.
  2. Type ‘Command Prompt’ into the search box and press Enter.
  3. Type ‘DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth’ into the Command Prompt and press Enter.
  4. The scan will now begin and could take several minutes to complete. Once it’s finished, you’ll see a report on the results of the scan.
  5. If any problems were found, they’ll be listed here and you can follow the instructions to fix them.

Run anti-virus or malware scan 

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It’s important to run anti-virus or malware scans on your Windows 10 device regularly to help protect it from threats. Here’s how to do it:

  1. Open your antivirus or malware program. On Windows PC, you can find this by searching for “Security and Maintenance” in the taskbar.
  2. Click on the “Scan Now” or “Scan” button. This will start a scan of your system for any viruses or malware.
  3. The scan may take a few minutes to complete. Once it’s done, you’ll see a list of any threats that were found.
  4. If any threats were found, click on the “Remove” or “Quarantine” button to get rid of them.
  5. You’ve successfully scanned your Windows device for viruses and malware.

Install pending updates

  1. Open the Settings menu by clicking the cog icon in the Start menu.
  2. Click on Update & Security.
  3. In the Windows Update tab, click on Check for updates.
  4. If any updates are found, they will be downloaded and installed automatically.
  5. Reboot your computer when prompted to complete the installation process.

By following these simple steps, you can ensure that your computer has all the latest security patches and bug fixes. Regularly installing updates is one of the best ways to keep your computer running smoothly and protect yourself from potential threats.

Run system restore

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Windows 10 offers a built-in tool to create a system restore points and restore your computer to a previous state. If you’re experiencing problems with your PC, you can use this tool to get it back to a working condition. Here’s how to do it:

  1. First, open the Start menu and type ‘Create a restore point’. This will bring up the System Properties dialog box.
  2. Next, click on the ‘System Restore’ button. This will launch the System Restore wizard.
  3. On the next page, select ‘Choose a different restore point’.
  4. Now, select the most recent restore point from the list and click ‘Next’.
  5. Finally, click ‘Finish’ to begin the restoration process.

Keep in mind that this will revert your computer to the selected restore point, so any changes made since then will be lost.

Run Windows Store app diagnostics

Follow these steps to run the Windows store apps troubleshooter on Windows 11:

  1. Press the Windows button on your keyboard, then type ‘troubleshoot’.
  2. Click on ‘Troubleshoot settings’ in the list of results.
  3. Scroll down to the ‘Get up and running’ section and click on ‘Windows store apps’.
  4. Click on the ‘Run the troubleshooter’ button and follow the instructions that appear.

The Windows Store apps troubleshooter can help you fix problems with your apps that aren’t working correctly. It will automatically detect and attempt to fix any issues that it finds. If you’re still having problems after running the troubleshooter, you may need to reset or reinstall your apps.

Frequently Asked Questions

A windows 11 file system error is an error that occurs when there is a problem with the way your computer's files are organized. This can be caused by a variety of things, such as malware or a corrupt file system.

There are a few possible causes of a windows 11 file system error, such as malware or a corrupt file system.

There are a few different ways to fix a windows 11 file system error, depending on the cause. You can run a virus scan, install updates, or restore your computer to a previous state. If you're still having problems after following these steps, you can contact Microsoft support for more help.