How to Troubleshoot Windows 11 ‘File System Error’

  • A ‘File System Error’ is a type of Windows error that is often caused by a hard disk error.
  • The most common culprit is a corrupted file or a faulty application.
  • Windows 10 includes a built-in tool called the System File Checker that can scan your system files for errors and repair them if necessary.
  • Run anti-virus or malware scans on your Windows 10 device regularly to help protect it from threats.

In addition to Windows 11, there will be a whole new set of errors coming with it. This error is one of the most common you’re going to see. If you don’t know how to fix it, it can be very frustrating. Let’s walk you through how to troubleshoot this error and fix your computer!

System Errors Windows

The most common cause of file system errors is a corrupt file or a malfunctioning program. Although disk errors can lead to a wide range of damage, file system errors are frequently caused by corrupt files or malfunctioning programs.

An ‘Error in the File System’

There are many types of Windows errors that can occur. While most hard disk errors are caused by corrupted files or faulty applications, they are often caused by hard disk errors.

If you encounter these errors, your system is likely to be unable to access a particular file on your computer or to use a particular code. In order for the operating system to function properly, working files need to be accessible. Any failure, corruption, or problem can cause a file system error. As the name implies, there was a problem with a file, and a problem with a system.

Ntfs.sys Bsod

A number of reasons can cause SYSTEM_SERVICE_EXCEPTION (ntfs.sys) to appear, since ntfs.sys is not directly connected to anything. It is most common, however, to encounter this issue when you use antivirus or security software, install outdated or corrupt drivers, or set up your RAM sticks incorrectly.

What causes a “file system error” in Windows 11?

  • Damaged Xbox app: If this problem only occurs when trying to download games through the Microsoft Store, the Xbox app is most likely damaged. This problem often occurs after upgrading to Windows 11.
  • Damaged system file: In more serious cases, you can assume that this problem occurs in situations where your operating system has a corrupted system file that affects certain dependencies of a Microsoft Store component.
  • Damaged or faulty memory sectors: some user reports confirm that in their case the error was caused by either a faulty disk or damaged memory sectors that prevented Microsoft Store from installing certain applications or games.

How to fix Windows 11 file system error?

Perform an SFC scan

System File Checker was included in Windows 10 for scanning and repairing system files. Here is how to use it:

  1. Using Windows+R, type cmd, and then press Enter to open the Command Prompt.
  2. By pressing Enter, you will trigger a system scan for all errors in your system files with sfc /scannow.
  3. An automatic error repair will take place if errors are found.
  4. Check whether the issue has been resolved by restarting your computer after the scan is complete.


With Windows 10, you can keep your PC running smoothly by running a DISM scan, which is one of the most effective ways to do so. DISM is a tool that helps repair corrupt files and system settings and removes unnecessary files, thereby improving performance. Here’s how to use it:

  1. The search box can be opened by pressing Windows key + S.
  2. Press Enter after typing ‘Command Prompt’.
  3. Press enter to enter the command prompt and type ‘DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth’.
  4. As soon as the scan is completed, you’ll receive a report with detailed results.
  5. There will be a list of problems here, followed by instructions for fixing them.

Run anti-virus or malware scan 

How to prevent Windows Defender from deleting program files in Windows 10

Here’s how you can protect your Windows 10 device from threats by running anti-virus and malware scans regularly:

  1. On Windows PC, go to the task bar, click on Security, and then click on Malware Protection.
  2. Your system will be scanned for viruses or malware when you click “Scan Now” or “Scan”.
  3. A list of any threats found will appear once the scan is finished, which may take a few minutes.
  4. A threat will be removed or quarantined if you click the “Remove” button.
  5. There were no viruses or malware found on your Windows device after you scanned it.

Install pending updates

  1. From the Start menu, click the Settings icon.
  2. On the Update & Security page, click the Update & Security button.
  3. You can check for updates by clicking the Check for updates button in the Windows Update tab.
  4. An automatic download and installation of any updates will take place if they are found.
  5. The installation process must be completed by rebooting your computer.

It is important to regularly install updates on your computer to ensure you’re protected against potential threats. Follow these simple steps to ensure you’ve got the latest security patches and bug fixes.

Ntfs File System Blue Screen

This error can be caused by a number of different reasons, but usually it is related to a corruption of the file system or a problem with your storage drive. Malware can also cause the issue, but you can rectify it by updating your antivirus software and running a full system scan. To resolve the error, try the following six troubleshooting steps.

Stop Code Ntfs File System

In NTFS_FILE_SYSTEM error, outdated or corrupt device drivers might be responsible. Drivers play an important role in Windows, but sometimes they may stop working suddenly. Fortunately, they can be upgraded manually.

Windows 10 Ntfs

In 1993, Microsoft developed the NTFS file system to overcome FAT32’s limitations. NTFS supports file sizes up to 16 EB (exabytes), where FAT32 can only support 32GB.

Ntfs Windows 10

In addition to naming, organizing, and storing files, NTFS is used by removable storage devices and Microsoft Windows. The NT file system also supports large and voluminous storage solutions such as self-recovering disks, as well as encrypting and decrypting data, files, and folders. As well as formatting USB drives, HDDs, micro SD cards, and SSDs, it supports NTFS-based storage solutions.

Ntfs Fix

By using this tool, you can fix the permissions on your user’s work areas. Choose the root folder to store the user’s work areas and specify your custom permissions.

The Settings application might not work for you in Windows 11 or 10. In addition, corrupted system files may be another cause of the app’s failure. If you want to rectify the corruption, run SFC and DISM programs.

If the Windows License Manager Service (LicenseManager) is disabled or unable to start as described in its official description, you will receive the File system error -2147416359.

This file system error has been widely reported, so this error might not have gone unnoticed by Microsoft. Therefore, you should make sure that all additional Windows updates are downloaded and installed, as follows:

If you are encountering the File System Error on Windows 10, then malware or virus can be the issue. Sometimes the malware or virus may attack the software of your PC, and this, in turn, causes a large of errors in your system. The malware may often be responsible for deleting the dll files. So, it’s always a good practice to conduct a frequent malware or virus scan of your system so that it can always be free from virus attacks. To run a quick scan on your PC, you must follow the below-mentioned steps:

Run system restore

How do I fix Windows application error 0xc0000906?

When your computer is malfunctioning, you’ll be able to restore it to a previous state using the System Restore tool in Windows 10. Here’s how:

  1. The System Properties dialog box appears when you select Create a restore point from the Start menu.
  2. Afterward, click the ‘System Restore’ button. The ‘System Restore’ wizard will be launched.
  3. Choose a new restore point on the next page.
  4. Choosing a recently restored point will now be your next step.
  5. The restoration process will start once you click ‘Finish’.

If you do this, any changes since the last restore point will be lost, since this will restore your computer to the selected restore point.

Ntfs File System Bsod

Here’s how to fix a BSOD error on Windows caused by NTFS file system.

Ntfs Sys Blue Screen

In summary, the Blue Screen of Death error NTFS.SYS Failed appears with a stop code of System_Service_Exception, resulting in total data loss. If this error occurs, your Windows PC may malfunction or crash, resulting in total data loss. You may also want to try out the Microsoft Data Recovery Tool for a trial version in order to recover your deleted data. You may find some of the most recommended methods to fix this issue in this blog.

Run Windows Store app diagnostics

On Windows 11, you can run the troubleshooter by following these steps:

  1. Type ‘troubleshoot’ after pressing Windows.
  2. You will be taken to a list of results where you can click ‘Troubleshoot settings’.
  3. To find Windows store apps, scroll down and click on ‘Get up and running’.
  4. You will need to follow the instructions that appear on the screen once you click on the ‘Run the troubleshooter’ button.

Using the troubleshooter for Windows Store apps, you can fix any problems that occur with your apps. You may need to reset or reinstall your apps if the troubleshooter does not resolve your problems. If the troubleshooter still doesn’t resolve your issues, you will need to reset or reinstall.

Frequently Asked Questions

A windows 11 file system error is an error that occurs when there is a problem with the way your computer's files are organized. This can be caused by a variety of things, such as malware or a corrupt file system.

There are a few possible causes of a windows 11 file system error, such as malware or a corrupt file system.

There are a few different ways to fix a windows 11 file system error, depending on the cause. You can run a virus scan, install updates, or restore your computer to a previous state. If you're still having problems after following these steps, you can contact Microsoft support for more help.

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Mark Ginter is a tech blogger with a passion for all things gadgets and gizmos. A self-proclaimed "geek", Mark has been blogging about technology for over 15 years. His blog,, covers a wide range of topics including new product releases, industry news, and tips and tricks for getting the most out of your devices. If you're looking for someone who can keep you up-to-date with all the latest tech news and developments, then be sure to follow him over at Microsoft.